Pathologic T

This input is used for staging


**Note 1:** Over 90% of penile cancers are squamous cell carcinomas arising in the skin. Other cancers arising in the skin include adenocarcinomas (5%) arising in sweat glands, melanomas (2%, included in the Melanoma schema), and basal cell carcinoma (2%). About 1% of penile cancers are sarcomas, arising in subcutaneous connective tissues. **Note 2:** Verrucous carcinoma (M-8051) is a locally aggressive, exophytic, low grade carcinoma with minimal metastatic potential. **Note 3:** Assign Ta if a verrucous carcinoma is described as noninvasive or as having a broad pushing border or penetration. * If there is destructive invasion of verrucous carcinoma into structures in T1 or greater, assign the appropriate higher code **Note 4:** Information about involvement of the corpus spongiosum or corpus cavernosum is collected in this field for anatomic staging. This information is also collected in **Site-Specific Factor 10, Involvement of Corpus Spongiosum/Corpus Cavernosum** because involvement of these structures may have an independent effect on prognosis.


Pathologic T Pathologic T Display Description Registrar Notes
pX pTX Primary tumor cannot be assessed Pathologic classification criteria met, evaluation done:
Physician unable to assess T
Surgical resection of primary tumor, extension not stated
Physician assigns pTX, no other information available to determine T
p0 pT0 No evidence of primary tumor
pA pTa Non-invasive verrucous carcinoma Noninvasive verrucous carcinoma OR verrucous carcinoma, NOS

Stated as Ta
pIS pTis Carcinoma in situ In situ, intraepidermal, intraepithelial, noninvasive
Bowen disease
Erythroplasia of Queyrat

Stated as Tis
p1 pT1 Tumor invades subepithelial connective tissue# Note: T1 has subcategories of T1a and T1b. Assign T1 only when there is no information available to assign one of the subcategories

Invasive tumor limited to subepithelial connective tissue, but not involving corpus spongiosum or cavernosum

If primary is skin:
Invasive tumor limited to skin of penis, prepuce (foreskin) and/or glans

Satellite nodules on prepuce or glans

Confined to penis, NOS
Localized, NOS

UNKNOWN lymphovascular invasion

Stated as T1 [NOS]
p1A pT1a Tumor invades subepithelial connective tissue
WITHOUT lymphovascular invasion and is not poorly differentiated or undifferentiated
T1 lesion WITHOUT lymphovascular invasion

Stated as T1a
p1B pT1b Tumor invades subepithelial connective tissue
WITH lymphovascular invasion or is poorly differentiated or undifferentiated
T1 lesion WITH lymphovascular invasion

Stated as T1b
p2 pT2 Tumor invades corpus spongiosum or cavernosum Tunica albuginea of corpus spongiosum

Tumors in body of penis plus satellite nodules on prepuce or glans

Stated as T2
p3 pT3 Tumor invades urethra Stated as T3
p4 pT4 Tumor invades other adjacent structures Prostate

Adjacent structures:
Muscle, NOS:
Superficial transverse perineal

Further contiguous extension

Stated as T4
88 88 Not applicable Primary site/histology not TNM defined
Death certificate only (DCO) case
<BLANK> BLANK See Registrar Notes Pathologic classification criteria not met
Pathologic classification criteria met, evaluation done:
Results not documented in patient record
No surgical resection of known primary tumor (not T0)
Resection insufficient for site-specific pathologic assessment
No surgical resection of primary tumor and there isn’t a positive biopsy of a structure in the highest T category and highest N category
Evidence of metastatic disease (pM1), no other workup
Only Pathologic Stage Group documented (no T, N, or M information available)
\# T1 [NOS] is not defined in AJCC 7th edition