NAACCR Item #3890: Microsatellite Instability (MSI)

Item # Length Source of Standard Year Implemented Version Implemented Year Retired Version Retired
3,890 1 NAACCR 2018 18

NAACCR XML: Tumor.microsatelliteInstability


Microsatellite Instability (MSI) is a form of genetic instability manifested by changes in the length of repeated single- to six-nucleotide sequences (known as DNA microsatellite sequences). High MSI, found in about 15% of colorectal carcinomas, is an adverse prognostic factor for colorectal carcinomas and predicts poor response to 5-FU chemotherapy (although the addition of oxaliplatin in FOLFOX regimens negates the adverse effects [page 266 AJCC manual]). High MSI is a hallmark of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma, also known as Lynch syndrome.


Microsatellite Instability (MSI) is a Registry Data Collection Variable in AJCC. It was previously collected as Colon and Rectum, CS SSF# 7.


0Microsatellite instability (MSI) stable; microsatellite stable (MSS); negative, NOS AND/OR Mismatch repair (MMR) intact, no loss of nuclear expression of MMR proteins MMR proficient (pMMR or MMR-P)
1MSI unstable low (MSI-L)
2MSI unstable high (MSI-H) AND/OR MMR deficient (dMMR or MMR-D), loss of nuclear expression of one or more MMR proteins
8Not applicable: Information not collected for this case (If this information is required by your standard setter, use of code 8 may result in an edit error.)
9Not documented in medical record MSI-indeterminate MSI-equivocal Microsatellite instability not assessed or unknown if assessed

Each Site-Specific Data Item (SSDI) applies only to selected primary sites, histologies, and years of diagnosis. Depending on applicability and standard-setter requirements, SSDIs may be left blank.